What illnesses can cause extreme weight loss ?

What illnesses can cause extreme weight loss ? Reasons for sudden weight loss. The term weight loss initially refers to a deliberate or unwanted reduction in body weight.

During a diet, losing weight is a desirable effect. Unintended severe and sudden weight loss, on the other hand, is a warning sign and may indicate illness or parasite.

The own body weight employs most humans in western countries above all. If obesity is present and supernumerary pounds on belly and thighs are to be reduced.

Numerous diets, exercise and lifestyle recommendations address the question of how excess body fat can be successfully and permanently reduced.

Accidental weight loss, on the other hand, can also be the result of an underlying condition. This is especially true when the reduction in body weight occurs quickly and without apparent cause.

Such as a change in diet or increased physical activity. In case of unexplained weight loss, a doctor should always be consulted to clarify the causes. If necessary, it is also helpful to question your own diet in everyday life.

Read to for : 11 Ways to Lose Weight in 1 Week

Note :

This article discusses inadvertent weight loss. All information on the desired weight loss as a result of diets or a change in dietary habits, however, you can get here.

Causes of unwanted weight loss

In most cases, weight loss is a desired effect based on changes in diet and lifestyle, such as diet or increased physical activity. Inadvertent decreases in body weight, on the other hand, are a potential sign of physical or mental illness and should be examined by a physician.

Here they are some illnesses can cause extreme weight loss. Hope this can answer a question What illnesses can cause extreme weight loss ?

Poor diet

  • Starve
  • One-sided or inappropriate diet, which leads to deficiencies

Gastrointestinal disorders and indigestion

  • Infectious diseases caused by bacteria or viruses, especially if they are chronic
  • Parasitic infestation of the intestine (for example through a tapeworm)
  • Food allergy (such as to chicken egg whites or nuts) or food intolerances (such as lactose or gluten intolerance)
  • Inflammatory bowel disease (ulcerative colitis, Crohn’s disease)
  • Liver or pancreas diseases

Problems in the mouth / tooth area

  • Toothache, periodontitis (periodontitis) or badly fitting dentition
  • Chronic inflammation in the mouth or throat


  • Cancer in the area of ​​the gastrointestinal tract (oral cavity, larynx, esophagus, stomach, small intestine, large intestine), which impairs food intake, food transport or food utilization
  • Liver, bile duct or pancreatic cancer
  • Advanced stages of every other cancer as well

Hormonal imbalances

  • Diabetes mellitus (diabetes)
  • Hyperthyroidism
  • Pancreatitis

Mental and psychosomatic diseases, nervous disorders

  • Depressions
  • Eating disorders like anorexia, eating-crushing addiction
  • dementia
  • Alcoholism (alcoholism), drug or drug addiction

Strong Weight Loss : When to see a doctor

A significant weight loss for no apparent reason should always be examined by a doctor. It must include the possible physical causes of weight loss as well as mental illness or inappropriate dietary habits.

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To diagnose a weight loss, the doctor first performs a patient interview. In which the medical history and especially the exact change in body weight is recorded.

In particular, pre-existing conditions or events that could be associated with the current weight loss are important. The skill are :

  1. Changed habits,
  2. Previous abdominal surgery,
  3. Liver or kidney disease,
  4. Metabolic disorders,
  5. Mental illness,
  6. Taking medication or even,
  7. Travel to exotic countries (parasitic infestation).

In addition, a weight protocol is often created, in which the development of body weight is continuously recorded. The physical exam will then record the exact extent of weight loss, their potential physical causes and other existing conditions.

Often there is already an initial suspicion of the cause of the weight loss from conversation and examination.

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Blood tests on general health, sugar and fat metabolism as well as on hormone levels, liver and kidney function provide further indications of possible causes of weight loss.

On this basis, further targeted imaging or studies on the function of individual organs will be carried out. For example, a glucose load test can be used to determine whether diabetes is present.

Ultrasound, organ reflections (for example, from the stomach or intestine) and three-dimensional X-ray. Or magnetic field recordings help in the search for inflammatory processes and possibly cancerous tumors.

Last but not least, psychological aspects can also play a role. Conversations or special tests can give indications of depression and psychosomatic illnesses.

Cause for weight loss should be treated

The therapy of an unwanted weight loss is directed as far as possible against its cause. Nutritional errors should be corrected, deficiencies repaired and underlying diseases treated so that no permanent consequential damage occurs.

In the case of insufficient or one-sided nutrition, the food supply must be adjusted and adjusted to the physical stress. Advice and information are provided by the doctor, nutritionist and supplemental literature on a healthy and balanced diet.

If there are underlying diseases such as metabolic or hormonal disorders, then it is important to treat them specifically with a suitable therapy in order to get the trigger for weight loss under control.

In some cases special diets (such as those with a high calorie content) or special foods (for example so-called astronaut diets) make sense. If a normal diet is no longer possible, a nasogastric tube or infusion can ensure adequate nutrition.

A special challenge is often nutrition in advanced cancers. In these cases, it is often not the intake and absorption of food that is the real problem. But cancer-related metabolic shifts that can increase the nutritional requirements of the organism.

Mental and psychosomatic nutritional disorders are treated with medication and psychotherapy.

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